linux penguin

What is Linux hosting?

A Linux (pronounced Lin-Ux according to its creator) server is an open-source and Unix-like operating system (OS) that can be used for demanding web environments. Therefore, Linux hosting is any type of hosting that uses the Linux OS on the server and is the most popular OS among hosting providers, including Veber.

linux penguin

Image credit: Iwan Gabovitch

History

Linux was created by Finnish student Linus Torvalds in 1991 after he became frustrated with other operating systems of that time, such as Unix.

Torvalds first published the Linux kernel under its own licence but Linux was widely adopted in the mid-1990s with commercial use becoming common after Dell and IBM started offering Linux commercially as an alternative to Microsoft.

Fun Fact

The Linux mascot, Tux the Penguin, was chosen in 1996 after Linus Torvalds mentioned that he was bitten by a little penguin while at a zoo in Canberra and also, just because he really liked penguins! A lot of thought went into its design.

How does Linux work?

Linux runs on the Linux kernel, which is arguably what differentiates it from other systems. The kernel is found in the main part of the OS and allows users to control the OS security, process control, file systems and its hardware interfaces. As Linux is open-source, its source code can be used, modified and freely distributed to suit your individual needs under the terms of its licenses. This allows businesses to tailor it to their specific requirements.

Linux can also be used as a microchip for other devices and appliances because of its ability to act as a server platform. It also works together with other GNU programs which means that Linux is not a single program but rather it combines with the GNU programs to form the OS.

Linux also supports a variety of programming languages such as Python, PHP, Perl and Ruby.

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Image Source – Garett Mizunaka

cPanel

cPanel is the control panel used for Linux-based hosting and provides a simplified graphical interface and automation tools that can streamline the process of web hosting. By using a 3-tier structure it allows administrators, hosting providers and business owners to control the numerous facets of website, application, and server management through a standard web browser.

CPanel is designed to work either as a dedicated server or as a virtual private server. Alongside the GUI, cPanel allows hosting providers such as ourselves at Veber to automate our standard system administration procedures.

It also has support for application-based software and tools such as PHP, Apache and MySQL as well as email-based support for POP3, IMAP, and SMTP services.

The user interface

Linux’s user interface, also known as a shell can either be a command-line interface (CLI), a graphical user interface (GUI) or handled through controls that are attached to hardware.

What are the benefits

It’s open source

As Linux is open source, its source code allows for greater customisation in server capabilities and user options. It’s also far more flexible than most other operating systems.

Reduced Cost

This is one of the best things about Linux. Due to it being an open source platform, there are no licensing costs for using it for your hosting. This allows us at Veber to keep our prices lower.

Security

Security is one of the greatest benefits of a Linux server, especially for shared hosting. Compared to some other operating systems, it has proven to be far superior.

Dependability

As Linux has been around for a while now, all of its bugs have been worked out long ago, which means it is incredibly reliable.

Simplicity

Linux makes things simple. It is incredibly user-friendly and the fact that it can use Perl, PHP etc. means that it is a very easy system to manage.

Stability

Linux is widely considered to be the most stable platform on the market, it rarely needs rebooted and almost never crashes.

Performance

The performance of Linux is almost unbeatable. It can be connected to multiple devices without a problem, making it easier to multitask.

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Image Source – Jonathan M. Hethey

How does it compare to Windows?

Linux is one of the most prevalent operating systems for hosting due to its ease of installation and relative affordability. Its closest competition is considered to be Microsoft.

When it comes to performance, stability, security and user-friendliness there isn’t a great deal of difference between the operating systems. The real difference comes with the type of file you want to use. For example, if you use ASP, Microsoft Access or Microsoft SQL Server files, then obviously a Windows platform will be better suited.

For files such as PHP, Perl, MySQL or WordPress then a Linux-based solution will work better as the platform has been specifically designed to work with these data types.

So really, it depends on the needs of your business.

Linux hosting

At Veber, we find Linux to be a great match for our cloud hosting and dedicated server solutions. Of course, any form of hosting is only as good as its provider. If you choose Linux hosting from a provider that doesn’t offer the right support, you won’t reap its benefits.

Veber’s servers are renowned for their speed and reliability, which is essential for the demands of Linux servers. We upgrade resources periodically to ensure that your applications run flawlessly and with our full technical support, you can enjoy the full rewards of using Linux.

Conclusion

Linux is a great option when it comes to hosting. Alongside potentially cutting costs, it is scalable so that it can be configured to suit the needs of your business. With just a few basic commands you can do a lot with Linux and the Veber team are always here to offer assistance if you need help.

If you use platform-specific proprietary software then you need to choose the appropriate operating system. If not, Linux is a perfect solution for your hosting needs and well worth your time.

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